Productive Forces of Design: The Basis of Post-Industrial Development


The principles of the organization of the computer-aided design process (universalization, parallelism, optimization, innovations, and continuity) have been introduced and substantiated.

Made In: United States (US)

By Nova Science Publishers, Inc. SKU: 978-1-53615-581-5 Category: Tags: , , More From:

Productive Forces of Design: The Basis of Post-Industrial Development

A new economy is being considered, in which economic activity of society and a set of relations are taking shape not only at the stages of production, distribution, exchange and consumption, but also at the design stage, forming the basis of post-industrial development.

The goals of post-industrial development have been formulated: design and production of complex high-tech varieties of types of products satisfying the strategic needs of the country (being the country’s wealth). There are functional and parametric varieties. Functional varieties differ in the number of consumer functions (properties), for example, the first stage of the Falcon 9 rocket launches the vehicle, returns to the launch site and lands on the platform. Parametric varieties have different parameters of the same consumer functions, for example, the varieties of aircraft “Airbus” A380 and A381 differ in the number of seats (180 and 236) and flight range (6100 km and 5900 km). Varieties may have a program management by satisfaction of needs, for example, the first stage of the Falcon 9 rocket has this program management.

For the first time in the world practice, the decisive role of the productive forces of computer-aided design in fulfilling the goals of post-industrial development has been shown. The productive forces of computer design: the aggregate of designers (constructors, analysts, technologists) and computer means of design are capable of a) designing digital models of intermediate (parts, units, assemblies) and final products, b) analyzing and modeling structures, c) carrying out technological preparation of production, d) de-signing composite materials with the required parameters of consumer functions.

Computerization of design leads to an instantaneous exchange of information and re-placement of tons of design documentation with a single flash disk and creates the possibility of designing varieties of products with program management (without human participation) of satisfaction of the needs (age-old dream of humanity). The use of composites provides the possibility of designing varieties of items being intellectual property carriers, which meet the required parameters.

The principles of the organization of the computer-aided design process (universalization, parallelism, optimization, innovations, and continuity) have been introduced and substantiated.

The productive forces of computer-aided design changed the productive forces of the production of the K. Marx’s model: universal machines replaced specialized machines; software control, developed by a technologist, caused the replacement of the worker with machine. The organization of the production process of intermediate and simple products in time has been developed.

Universalization, innovations, optimization of design and production lead to the international per-stage and per-object division of the designer’s mental labor and per-object division of the productive capital of individual countries and regions. The result is the design and production of varieties of intermediate products, carriers of intellectual labor property, having the required consumer functions and parameters.
International cooperation of design and production organizations of individual countries and regions based on the principles of parallelism and continuity leads to the formation of families of international design and production. The families are able to de-sign and produce parametric and functional-parametric varieties of types of final products, carriers of intellectual labor property, satisfying functional and parametric requirements. The competition between families determines the development of the world industry. For example, the competition between the families of “The Boeing Company” and “Airbus SE” determines the development of civil aviation in the world.

The production costs have been determined. A mechanism has been developed for the development of the productive forces of design and production through the renewal of intellectual property in the design process and the accumulation of capital in the production process.


There are no reviews yet.

Be the first to review “Productive Forces of Design: The Basis of Post-Industrial Development”

Product Manuals

If applicable, the Product Documentation, Reference Materials, CAD design(s),.STEP file(s) and/or other drawing files, Manuals, and Tutorials will be available for download upon purchase. The order confirmation email will include a downloadable link to the product file(s), which can also be downloaded from the My Account section if needed.

A leading global book and journal publisher, specializing in academic and scholarly books. As of 2018, we are also one of the top publishers in the political science field. We publish nearly 1600 books as well as 50 journals a year. Our books span a wide range of subjects including but not limited to sports and sports management, political science and economics, issues in education and psychology, women’s health issues including sexual and reproductive health, and aging and age-related diseases.

Shipping Policy

We primarily ship via FedEx, UPS, DHL, and USPS because they are reliable, fast, and easily trackable. We usually ship within two to three business days after the full payment is received. Standard Delivery generally occurs within 5 to 7 business days after the ship date. However, sometimes delivery time depends on destination, logistics mode, weather conditions, size, and product weight.

SHIPPING COSTS: For some industrial products, e.g., wheels, and CNC machines, etc. the shipping cost is calculated based on the product weight, not quantity. To benefit from lower shipping costs for orders with multiple items, please contact us at Our shipping rates are listed very clearly on each product page under the SHIPPING tab. Additionally, to see the shipping cost for your country, add the item to the Shopping Cart, there you will see the shipping cost based on your Country and Location.

ORDER CANCELLATION POLICY: By placing your order, you signify that you agree to be bound by our Order Cancellation Policy.

REFUND AND REPLACEMENT POLICY: For more info on Refund and Replacement Policy please visit Refund and Replacement Policy.

DUTY TAX, CUSTOMS, IMPORT FEES AND TARIFFS: While not all products require customs fees, but some industrial items may require a minimal tariff if applicable in your country. The total amount for your order does not include a customs fee. A minimal tariff belongs to the buyer when applicable. Oz Robotics is not responsible for tariffs for any shipment. Please check the “By” section on each product page to see the manufacturer or supplier for that product. Please read our Policies:
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Return Policy

EXCHANGE POLICY: Oz Robotics wants you to be happy with your new purchase. However, we abide by the exchange policy of our suppliers because we do not manufacture these products; our suppliers do. Please read the product exchange policy defined by each supplier for their own listed product(s), which can be found under the Shipping tab on each product page. Once you have used the product, our supplier(s) and we have the right not to issue a refund. Still, they will offer an exchange for the wrongly purchased items or products with serious and irreversible defects or technical problems (s). If wrongly purchased products or any other similar issues, the buyer will pay the shipping fee. If the product you purchased is defective, please email us at with some photos or a video of the defective parts to evaluate before you send it. Click HERE for more on Refund and Replacement Policy

REFUNDS/RETURNS: Oz Robotics accepts returns on a minimal basis unless there is a manufacturing defect. For any electronic items, returns are only accepted on devices with serious and irreversible problems; meanwhile, the customer must apply for the returns within 7 days from the delivery date. Before a refund acceptance, please include images or a video and any other material proof of the defect. However, we abide by the exchange policy of our suppliers because we do not manufacture these products; our suppliers do.

Other than our supplier’s default policy, once a return is agreed upon, then you can ship your defective item to the provided return address that you should receive from us first. Please ship the order in original packaging with all the accessories and additional parts. If the Required Parts are not sent back, they will be billed for or expected to be shipped at a later stage. And only once all items have arrived as a full system can we check the returned product for testing. Include in your package a signed letter stating the reason for your return and the original receipt as well as any mentioned proof of defect, images, or a video, etc. This will help us to speed up the process on your behalf.

The purchaser (customer/buyer) is responsible for all shipping costs when returning an item. However, upon receiving the returned order, we will assess the product. If it is determined that there is, in fact, a manufacturing defect, then we will refund the shipping costs as well as repair or replace or refund the full amount to the purchaser if the product is not fixable.

If you wish to return an unused product, please do so within 7 days from the ship date for a refund on the purchase price, minus shipping, handling. Refunds will be credited to the original credit card use for payment in 24-48 HOURS after receiving the product back. We will charge 50% restocking fee.

Once your return is received and inspected, and if agreed for a refund, refunds will be credited to the original credit card used for payment in 24-48 hours. Please note that we will charge a 50% restocking fee if you want to return a product without any defect.

Once your refund is processed, then PayPal will return the money to the card that was used. It may take at least 5 business days (depending on the bank and credit company) before your refund is officially posted in your bank account and statements. Contact Us if you still have not received your refund after 5 business days.

Do not return your product to our New York office. For any exchange or refunds, please email us first at for us to provide you with the steps that need to be followed. Any product you return must be in the same condition you received and returned in the original packaging without being used. Please keep the original receipt. More on Refund and Replacement Policy.

Shipping costs

Shipping from United States (US)
Within United States (US) $15.00
Outside United States (US) $20.00

If you have any questions with regards to this product, please ask us here. This will include the product link automatically.

There are no questions yet. Be the first to ask a question about this product.

Send me a notification for each new answer.

Make Money!

Start Selling – Suppliers and Manufacturers, let us help you sell your Hardware, Software, Tech Books, and Services on  See Details

Affiliates – You’re already sharing so many things online without making any money; why not share our products and make money when your visitors buy. Join Now

Freelancers – Generate Revenue by Offering Your Freelance Skills on Contact Us