A Complete Perspective of Nuclear Energy

$230.00

All the relevant subjects on nuclear power are explained in plain language to provide an overall perspective on this exciting topic. In addition, examples are designed to make the strenuous and challenging concepts easy to understand.

A Complete Perspective of Nuclear Energy

All the topics of nuclear power are included: nuclear safety, nuclear waste, nuclear weapons, nuclear power plants, nuclear accidents, nuclear rockets, nuclear fusion, nuclear medicine, nuclear vaccines, proliferation, and some light versions of nuclear physics and nuclear fuels.

Table of Contents
Preface

Chapter 1. Introduction
1.1 Purpose of this Book
1.2 No Science or Engineering Background Necessary
1.3 All Subjects on Nuclear Power Are Included

Chapter 2. Fundamentals of Nuclear Reactor Physics
2.0 Brief Introduction
2.1 Nuclear Physics
2.1.1 Chemical Reactions and Electrons
2.1.2 Nuclear Reactions and Neutrons
2.1.3 Where Do Neutrons Come From?
2.1.4 A 3D Periodic Table
2.1.5 Nucleus Models
2.1.6 Nature of Nuclear Reactions
2.1.7 Different Nuclear Reactions
2.1.8 Nuclear Reactor Physics
2.1.9 Energy Distribution in a Nuclear Reactor
2.1.10 Nuclear Reactions with a Neutron
2.1.11 Elastic Scattering
2.1.12 Inelastic Scattering
2.1.13 Complete Absorption
2.1.14 Nuclear Fission
2.1.15 Physics for Fission
2.1.16 Conservation of Atomic Number
2.1.17 What Are Fission Reactions?
2.1.18 Where Does Nuclear Energy Come From?
2.1.19 Efficiency of Fission
2.1.20 Fast Neutrons and Slow Neutrons
2.1.21 Benefits of Fast Neutron
2.1.22 Disadvantages of Fast Neutrons
2.1.23 Role of Slow Neutrons
2.2 Nuclear Fusion
2.2.1 Nuclear Fusion Reactions
2.2.2 Nuclear Fusion is Attractive
2.2.3 Problems Fusion Faces
2.2.4 Status of Fusion
2.2.5 Efficiency of Fusion
2.3 Nuclear Reactor Physics
2.3.1 Critical
2.3.1.1 Mathematical Model Explained without Equations
2.3.2 Supercritical
2.3.3 Distinguishing the Critical and Supercritical
2.3.4 Subcritical

Chapter 3. Nuclear Power Plant Technology
3.0 A Brief Introduction
3.1 Fast and Slow Neutrons Play Different Roles
3.2 Operating Reactor Types
3.2.1 Pressurized Water Reactor PWR
3.2.2 Boiling Water Reactor BWR
3.2.3 Heavy Water Reactor PHWR
3.2.4 High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactor HTGR
3.2.5 Graphite Moderated Reactor
3.2.6 Liquid Metal Cooled Fast Reactor LMFR
3.3 Nuclear Power Reactors of the Next Generation
3.3.1 Molten Salt Reactor MSR
3.3.2 Small Modular Reactor SMR
3.3.3 Traveling Wave Reactor TWR

Chapter 4. Nuclear Safety
4.0 A Brief Introduction
4.1 The Nature of Nuclear Safety
4.2 The Two Themes
4.2.1 Safety Related Physical Phenomena
4.2.1.1 Moderator Temperature Coefficient
4.2.1.2 Natural Circulation
4.2.2 Incidences of Radiation Overdose
4.2.2.1 Criticality Accidents
4.2.2.2 Accidents by Misplaced Radioactive Isotopes
4.3 Probabilistic Risk Assessment
4.3.1 The Story of Two Identical Nuclear Units
4.3.2 Four Engines or Two Engines Safer on an Airplane?
4.3.3 It is Not About Gambling
4.3.3.1 It Is Not About Gambler’s Luck
4.3.3.2 Risk Probability is an Index
4.3.3.3 Probabilistic Risk Assessment Used as a Licensing Tool
4.3.3.4 Fukushima Plant Did Not Survive Tsunami But Onagawa Did
4.4 Quality Assurance and ISO
4.4.1 Independent Verification and Proper Framework
4.5 Safety Culture
4.5.1 Human Factor
4.5.2 How to Validate a Safety Culture?
4.6. The Next Nuclear Accident
4.6.1 The Causes of the Chernobyl Accident
4.6.2 Where is the Next Nuclear Disaster
4.7 How to Achieve Nuclear Safety

Chapter 5. Nuclear Fuel
5.0 A Brief Introduction
5.1 What is Nuclear Fuel?
5.2 Where Does Nuclear Fuel Come From?
5.2.1 Where Does Uranium 235 Come From?
5.2.2 Where Does Plutonium 239 Come From?
5.2.3 Thorium 232 and Uranium 232
5.3 Nuclear Fuel in Different Forms
5.3.1 Nuclear Fuel Rods for Commercial Use
5.3.2 Nuclear Fuels for Research Reactors
5.3.2.1 TRIGA
5.3.2.2 Uranium Aluminide Uranium Silicide for Plate Fuels
5.4 New Fuel Types
5.4.1 TRISO is Ready for Commercialization
5.4.2 MOX Fuel is a Mixture of Plutonium and Uranium
5.4.3 Accident Tolerant Fuels ATFs
5.4.4 High Assay Low Enrichment Uranium HALEU
5.4.5 Metal Fuels
5.4.6 Inert Matrix Fuel

Chapter 6. Nuclear Waste
6.0 A Brief Introduction
6.1 What is Nuclear Waste?
6.2 How are Nuclear Wastes Generated?
6.2.1 Radioisotopes for Industrial Applications
6.2.2 Radioisotopes for Medical Use
6.2.3 Nuclear Fuels for Power Generation
6.2.4 Nuclear Waste Generated by Nuclear Reactions
6.3 How to Classify Nuclear Waste?
6.4 How to Manage Low and Mid-level Nuclear Waste?
6.5 Management of High Level Nuclear Waste?
6.5.1 Nuclear Transmutation to Eliminate Nuclear Waste
6.5.1.1 Fast Reactors
6.5.1.1.1 Breeding Reactors and Incinerating Reactors
6.5.1.1.2 Traveling Wave Reactors Burn Wastes along the Way
6.5.1.2 Accelerator Driven Subcritical Reactor
6.5.2 Geological Repository
6.5.2.1 Geographical Considerations
6.5.2.2 Geological Requirements
6.5.2.3 Waste Vitrification
6.5.2.3.1 Immobilization with Glasses
6.5.2.3.2 Phosphate Ceramics
6.5.2.3.3 Ion Exchange and Cementing for Solidification
6.5.2.3.4 Synthetic Rock or SynRoc
6.5.2.4 Countries that Adopted Geological Repository
6.5.3 Reprocessing
6.5.3.1 Reprocessing Methods
6.5.3.1.1 PUREX Chemical Separation
6.5.3.1.2 UREX Uranium Reduction Extraction
6.5.3.1.3 Pyroprocessing Physics Method by High Temperature Electrolysis
6.5.3.1.4 Fuel Cycle and Reprocessing
6.5.3.2 Merits of Reprocessing
6.5.3.3 Countries that Reprocessed
6.6. Nuclear Waste and Nuclear Weapons
6.7 Relevant Considerations for Waste Management
6.7.1 Economic Considerations
6.7.2 Administrative Considerations
6.7.3 Political Considerations

Chapter 7. Nuclear Proliferation
7.0 A Brief Introduction
7.1 International Atomic Energy Agency
7.1.1 IAEA Charter
7.1.2 IAEA Mission
7.1.3 Tasks
7.1.4 Inspection of Nuclear Installations Worldwide
7.1.5 On site work
7.1.6 Off site work
7.1.7 Techniques for Detection of Weapons Materials
7.1.7.1 Gamma Energy Spectrum
7.1.7.1.1 Probe Samples of Common Forms
7.1.7.1.2 Probe Samples in Liquid Forms
7.1.7.2 Neutron Coincidence Method
7.2 Countries that Pursued Nuclear Weapons
7.2.1 Libya
7.2.2 South Africa
7.2.3 Brazil and Argentina
7.2.4 Kazakhstan
7.2.5 Taiwan
7.2.6 North Korea
7.2.7 Iran
7.3. Reduce Enrichment Research and Test Reactors
7.3.1 Background
7.3.2 Principles
7.3.3 Mission
7.4 Epilogue

Chapter 8. Radiation and Health
8.0 History of Radiation
8.1 Revolutionary New Thinking
8.2 Radiation Dose
8.3 Measurement of Radiation Dosage
8.4 Basis for Dose Safety Limits
8.4.1 Victims of World War II
8.4.2 Criticality Accidents at the Los Alamos Laboratory
8.4.3 Rescuing Team Members at Chernobyl Plant
8.4.4 Current Specifications on Allowable Dose
8.5 Questioning Current Guidelines
8.5.1 Actions by US Environmental Protection Agency
8.5.2 Linear Non-Threshold Model
8.6 Health Effects of Low Dose Radiation
8.6.1 Radioactive Apartments in Taiwan
8.6.2 Treatment of COVID-19 by Radiation
8.6.2.1 Radiation Treatment for Pneumonia in 1930s
8.6.2.2 Radiation Treatment for COVID-19 in 2020
8.6.3 Million Person Study
8.7 What is Next

Chapter 9. New Nuclear Technologies
9.1 A Brief Introduction
9.2 Nuclear Fusion
9.2.1 Requirements for Generating Electricity
9.2.2 Research and Development for Fusion Reactor
9.2.2.1 Physics of Tokamak
9.2.2.2 Ignition in Tokamak
9.2.2.3 Tokamak in Various Countries
9.2.2.4 Superconducting Magnets
9.2.2.5 Tokamaks Fueled with Deuterium and Tritium
9.2.2.6 Engineering Challenges for Power Production
9.2.2.7 High Hope on ITER by 35 Countries
9.2.3 Engineering Design for a Fusion Power Plant
9.2.4 Fusion Machines of Other Types
9.2.4.1 Fusion by Inertial Confinement
9.2.4.2 Stellarator for Fusion
9.2.5 Perspectives for Fusion
9.3 Nuclear Power by NASA
9.3.1 Used by Rovers on Mars
9.3.2 Nuclear Propulsion for Traveling to Mars
9.3.3 This is Not Cold Fusion but Lattice Confinement Fusion
9.4 Nuclear Powered Ships
9.5 Floating Nuclear Power Plants
9.6 Boron Neutron Capture Therapy for Brain Tumors
9.7 Making Hydrogen by Nuclear Power

Chapter 10. Perspectives
10.0 A Complete Perspective Summarized
10.1 This Is a World of Electrons
10.2 Humans and the World of Electrons
10.3 What Is the World of Neutrons?
10.4 Humans and the World of Neutrons
10.5 What is the Next Level of Civilization?
10.5.1 Einstein Had No Clue on How to Make Nuclear Power
10.5.2 Special Black Hole Can Make High Efficiency Energy
10.6 Is Nuclear Power Safe or Not?
10.6.1 The Hardware is Reliable
10.6.2 Pay Attention to Safety Culture
10.7 Difficult to Define Nuclear Waste
10.7.1 Nuclear Waste is a Nuclear Weapon Too
10.7.2 Nuclear Recycle
10.7.2.1 Psychological Nature of Fear for Radiation to Oppose Fuel Cycle
10.7.2.2 Cost is Another Reason for Opposing Fuel Recycling
10.7.3 The Ultimate Nuclear Waste
10.7.4 Need a Bigger Picture Accounting System
10.7.5 Need a Department of Nuclear Waste
10.7.6 It’s Time to Make Peace with Nuclear Waste
10.8 Radiation for Immunization Too
10.8.1 Line Up for Radiation Immunization
10.8.2 Fear of Radiation is a Part of Human Nature
10.8.3 Can We Handle Fear of Radiation?
10.9 When Will We Have a Fusion Power Plant?
10.9.1 What Fusion Reactors and Fast Reactors Have in Common

Chapter 11. Conclusion

References

About the Author

Index

Reviews

There are no reviews yet.

Be the first to review “A Complete Perspective of Nuclear Energy”

Product Manuals

If applicable, the Product Documentation, Reference Materials, CAD design(s),.STEP file(s) and/or other drawing files, Manuals, and Tutorials will be available for download upon purchase. The order confirmation email will include a downloadable link to the product file(s), which can also be downloaded from the My Account section if needed.


A leading global book and journal publisher, specializing in academic and scholarly books. As of 2018, we are also one of the top publishers in the political science field. We publish nearly 1600 books as well as 50 journals a year. Our books span a wide range of subjects including but not limited to sports and sports management, political science and economics, issues in education and psychology, women’s health issues including sexual and reproductive health, and aging and age-related diseases.

Shipping Policy

WE SHIP WORLDWIDE: We primarily ship via FedEx, UPS, DHL, EMS, TNT, and USPS because they are fast, reliable, and easily trackable. We usually ship within two to three business days after the full payment. Standard delivery generally occurs within 5 to 7 business days after the shipping date. However, sometimes delivery may take about 7 to 10 business days, depending on the shipping destination, logistics mode, weather conditions, product weight, size, or shipping company distribution structures based on re-planning, such as staff shortages caused by COVID.

SHIPPING COSTS: For some industrial products, e.g., heavy wheels, CNC machines, etc., the shipping cost is calculated based on the product weight, not quantity. To benefit from lower shipping costs for orders with multiple items, please contact us at sales@ozrobotics.com. Our shipping rates are listed very clearly on each product page under the SHIPPING tab. Additionally, to see the shipping cost for your country, add the item to the Shopping Cart; you will see the shipping cost based on your Country and Location.

CUSTOMS and TARIFFS: While not all products require customs fees, some products may require a minimal tariff if applicable in your country for orders with $800.00 and above. The total amount for your order does not include a customs fee/tariff. A tariff belongs to the buyer when applicable. Why don't we add tariffs to the product's retail price? - If all countries were deducted the same amount of tariff, we would have added the tariff amount to the product price. However, we do not do that because each country charges a different amount, while some do not even charge. Therefore we can't add any tariff to the product's retail pricing. Oz Robotics, our Manufacturing partner, or our Supplier is not responsible for tariffs on any shipment. Please check the "By" and "Made In" sections on each product page to see the country of the manufacturer or supplier for that product. The total amount for your order does not include any duties, import taxes, customs fees, and GST/VAT. The buyer must pay all import duties. Please click here to see more on Tariffs.

Return Policy

COVID: We are suspending product returns due to the current COVID-19 pandemic unless there is a manufacturing defect. Please study the product and ask us questions before you buy. Thank you.

ORDER CANCELLATION: After you place an order, you have 5 hours to request an order cancellation. After 5 hours, your item(s) have either already been shipped, prepared to ship, or are currently being custom-made. It means we will not process your cancellation request after this period has passed. By placing your order, you signify that you agree to be bound by our Order Cancellation Policy.

PAYPAL and STRIPE SERVICE FEES: Please note both PayPal and Stripe do not offer a refund for the service fees they charge when you purchase a product. Therefore, after placing an order, if you change your mind and ask for a refund, we will deduct the service fee for PayPal or Stripe, whichever one you used to purchase. If you have any questions about this, please contact PayPal or Stripe.

EXCHANGE POLICY: Oz Robotics wants you to be happy with your new purchase. However, we abide by the exchange policy of our suppliers because we do not manufacture these products; our suppliers do. Once you used the product, our supplier(s) and we have the right not to issue a refund. Still, we will offer an exchange for the wrongly purchased items or products with serious and irreversible defects or technical problem(s). The buyer will pay the shipping fee for wrongly purchased products or any other similar issues. If the product you purchased is defective, please email us at support@ozrobotics.com with some photos or a video of the defective parts to evaluate before you send it. Click HERE for more on Refund and Replacement Policy

REFUND POLICY: Oz Robotics accepts refunds on a minimal basis unless there is a manufacturing defect. For any electronic items, returns are only accepted on devices with serious and irreversible problems; meanwhile, the customer must apply for the returns within seven days from the delivery date. Before a refund acceptance, please include images or a video and any other material proof of the defect. However, we abide by the exchange policy of our suppliers because we do not manufacture these products; our suppliers do. For more info on Refund and Replacement Policy please visit Refund and Replacement Policy.

Other than our supplier’s default policy, once a return is agreed upon, you can ship your defective item to the provided return address that you should receive from us first. Please ship the order in original packaging with all the accessories and additional parts. If the Required Parts are not sent back, they will be billed for or expected to be shipped at a later stage. And only once all items have arrived will our staff check the returned product for testing. Include in your package a signed letter stating the reason for your return and the original receipt as well as any mentioned proof of defect, images, or a video, etc. It will help us to speed up the process on your behalf.

The purchaser (customer/buyer) is responsible for all shipping costs when returning an item. However, upon receiving the returned order, we will assess the product. If it is determined that there is, in fact, a manufacturing defect, then we will refund the shipping costs as well as repair or replace or refund the full amount to the purchaser if the product is not fixable.

If you wish to return an unused product, please do so within seven days from the ship date for a refund on the purchase price, minus shipping, handling. Refunds will be credited to the original credit card used for payment in 24-48 HOURS after receiving the product back. We will charge 50% restocking fee.

Once your return is received and inspected, and if agreed for a refund, refunds will be credited to the original credit card used for payment in 24-48 hours. Please note that we will charge a 50% restocking fee once you return a product without any defect.

Once your refund is processed, PayPal will return the money to the card used. It may take at least five business days (depending on the bank and credit company) before your refund is posted in your bank account and statements. Contact Us if you still have not received your refund after 5 business days.

Do not return your product to our New York office. For any exchange or refunds, please email us first at support@ozrobotics.com for us to provide you with the steps that need to be followed. Any product you return must be in the same condition you received and returned in the original packaging without being used. Please keep the original receipt. More on Refund and Replacement Policy.

Shipping costs

Shipping from United States (US)
Within United States (US) $20.00
Outside United States (US) $30.00

National Shipping Details

International Shipping Details

Upon submitting your question, your email will include the product link automatically.

There are no questions yet. Be the first to ask a question about this product.

Send me a notification for each new answer.

Start Selling on Oz Robotics

Reach out to millions of new customers, and increase your sales through paid advertising at no cost! Sell your Hardware, Software, and Tech Services: More info.

Become an Affiliate and Earn Extra Income!

You’re already sharing so many things online without making any money! So why not share our products and earn an extra income when visitors buy. Details